Page 5 - Die_and_Molds_User_Guide_7861458_2017
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               A lot of things around us, parts or even fully completed products, are produced in dies and
               molds: an internal cylinder block or a toy, a plastic container or a crankshaft, a bottle or a jet
               turbine blade, a tin soldier or a boat. These objects differ in their form, material, sizes, mechanical
               properties, and are manufactured by different technological methods of metal forming or
               processing of plastics.

               Broadly speaking a die or a mold, being an assembly unit, comprises various elements, and
               many of them are standard or unified. A form of a part that is produced in the die or the mold
               is determined by several main components (cavities, rams, etc.).
               Shaping the components is a central operation in die and mold manufacturing that demands from
               die and mold makers rich knowledge, skills and experience. A die and mold maker is rightfully
               considered as one of the most professionally skilled workers in manufacturing. Modern CNC
               technology and CAD/CAM systems substantially change die and mold making, turning it from
               craft into a whole branch of trade.

               A part intended to be produced in a die or mold dictates shape and sizes of the die or
               mold and accuracy requirements; and a forming technology and the part run size – the die
               or mold material. The part shape and the die or mold material are a source data for
               die and mold making.                                                                                  word

                 Automotive Industry is a major consumer of dies and molds. Approximately 60%
                 of stamping dies and 40% of plastic molds produce automotive parts.

               There are different kinds of dies and molds, which can be grouped in the following principal
               types: forging dies, stamping (pressing) dies, die casting dies and molds for plastics.

               In manufacturing a die or mold, the shape and the sizes are the main factors of the degree            Fore
               of difficulty for machining:
             • Low degree in case of plane areas, simple shapes, shallow cavities etc.
             • Medium, when the shape becomes more complicated, the sizes bigger and the cavities
               deeper; rams have steep walls, etc.
             • High degree in the context of very complex shape, narrow and deep cavities, considerable
               difference between heights, etc.
               Also, difficulty in machining is a function of machinability of the die or mold material.

               The key to productive and effective die and mold making is the process planning – the choice
               of technology of the die or mold manufacturing that, in general, includes machining
               operations, assembly and finishing works. Today’s CAD/CAM software enables analyzing the
               die or mold design, defining machining strategy, developing CNC programs and machining
               simulation in order to find the most efficient solution that allows full use of advantages of
               modern machine tools.
               The right machining strategy is directly related to correctly chosen cutting tools that
               perform material removal during operation. A tool, which seems to be a secondary element
               of the die and mold process, is a substantial factor of productivity and profitability.
               We, at ISCAR, distinctly understand the role of cutting tools in the die and mold industry and try
               to provide the die and mold maker with reliable and efficient tooling that meets every
               requirement of the branch. The right tool selection depends on different factors.
               We will discuss them here briefly, explain the tools’ features and thus build a base
               for the correct tool choice.


                                                                                                 Die and Mold
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